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The Sociology Of The Family Jazmin Ezenekwe
Functionalist Theories of the Family
They see the family as playing a major role in achieving social goals such as transmitting
values and norms to reproduce consensus and therefore the culture of a society. They
basically look at all the benefits and functions that the family performs for all societies.
The Nuclear Family
A traditional married heterosexual couple with 2 or more children that are a product of
Did a study of 250 societies and claimed that the nuclear family is a universal
institution vital to the well-being of all societies.
He identified 4 functions:
The family prevents disruption to a society by The family ensures the reproduction of a
limiting sexuality to monogamous next generation which is vital for the survival
relationships, prevents conflict that could of society and humankind.
arise from sexual desire- keeps society
The family acts as an economic unit, The family transmits the norms and values of
ensuring the survival of its members by that society onto the next generation-
providing food and shelter- in the past it was providing a stable environment so they can
a unit of production e.g. family farms- today a be socialised into that culture- - they are an
unit of consumption, buying goods and agency of socialisation.
services for the family.
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