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Durkheim's study of suicide showed how the seemingly
individualistic decision to take one's own life was due to
social and economic issues
In this way Durkheim was able to show how social factors
explained individual and group action such as crime
Durkheim's ideas were significant because they moved the
emphasis away from factors with the individual as Lombroso
suggested to the social
Durkheim suggested as external social forces caused suicide,
then external forces could also cause recidivism…read more

Slide 3

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Durkheim viewed crime as a social fact-a feature of
societies, not of individuals
Durkheim noted that crime was endemic in all
societies and therefore saw crime as having positive
social function
This he reasoned was because society needed positive
deviation and therefore negative deviation was
Crime is a positive aspect of society as it helps produce a
moral consensus in society…read more

Slide 4

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Therefore crime helps establish a social
consensus about what is right and wrong in
Crime establishes a `collective conscience'
about what is and isn't criminal/deviant
Therefore crime has a positive function as it
establishes and maintains a social consensus
By CThompson [email protected]…read more


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