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FUNCTIONALISM EMPHASISES HARMONY, UNITY
AND INTEGRATION BETWEEN ALL PARTS OF
SOCIETY.
EVERYTHING PULLING IN THE SAME DIRECTION…read more

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STRUCTURALIST THEORY
· The individual is less important than the social structure or organisation of society
· Top-down theory that looks at society rather than the individuals within it
· Society is viewed as more important because the individual is produced by society
· Functionalism is also a `Grand Metanarrative' theory because it attempts to account
for all aspects of society…read more

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SOCIAL ORDER
· Functionalists study the role of different parts of society (social institutions) in
bringing about the patterns of shared and stable behaviour (social order)
· It all depends on shared norms and values between all individuals. This process is
value consensus which produces a sense of social solidarity
· Specialised division of labour is also important because without it society would fall
into chaos
· This means another function of social institutions is to prepare young people to take
their place in the division of labour
· This is done through enforcing the idea that education, qualifications, working hard
and a career are all worthwhile things…read more

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ORGANIC ANALOGY
· Functionalism sees society as built up and working like the human body
· The body and society are made up of interrelated parts which work together in
harmony to ensure overall function and survival.
· Each organ/institution meets certain functional pre-requisites for the body/society…read more

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BLU-TACK ANALOGY
· The role of society is to bond people from lots of different cultures and you can
separate your `blu-tack' to show this, consequently blending it again into a united
whole
· It is essential that society is based on consensus (collective consensus, value
consensus, social solidarity)
· These must be constantly reinforced so that the value consensus does not `atrophy'
· In order to do this, individuals are subjected to positive and negative sanctions…read more

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