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Slide 2

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Who argued that a certain amount of
crime is functional for society?
According to Merton, what do
individuals experience when they have
limited means to achieve the goals of
What is another collective name for
functionalist theory?
What question does Hirschi pose?…read more

Slide 3

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Social order is maintained because of shared
values and economic interdependence.
Social disorder can emerge if values are not
constantly reaffirmed.
A limited amount of crime is necessary and
beneficial to society.…read more

Slide 4

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The role of criminal law is to identify the
boundary between acceptable and unacceptable
(1) When the police arrest individuals they are
making it clear to the rest of society that a
particular behaviour is unacceptable.…read more

Slide 5

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(2) The boundary of acceptable and unacceptable
behaviour is also publicly reaffirmed with the
ceremony of court cases and the dramatic
depiction of crime in newspapers.
In effect, courts and media coverage broadcast
the boundaries between acceptable and
unacceptable behaviours as a warning to the rest
of society.…read more

Slide 6

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Durkheim believed that crime is ultimately
threatening for society because individuals are
self-seeking and prefer to look after their own
interests at the expense of others.
Selfish behaviour is controlled by two agencies of
socialisation: (1) the law and (2) socialisation
Durkheim argued that socialisation is the more
effective form of control…read more

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