Functional Groups

Basic Concepts

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Homologous Series Prefix or Suffix EG.
Alkanes -ane propane
CH3CH2CH3
Branched Alkanes Alkyl- methylpropane
(-yl) CH3CH(CH3)CH3
Alkenes -ene propene
CH3CH=CH2
Halogenoalkanes Chloro- chlorethane
Bromo- CH3CH2Cl
Iodo-
Alcohols -ol ethanol
CH3CH2OH
Aldehydes -al ethanal
CH3CHO
Ketones -one propanone
CH3COCH3
Cycloalkanes Cyclo- cyclohexane
-ane C6H12
Arenes Benzene ethylbenzene
C6H5C2H5
Esters Alkyl propyl ethanoate
-oate CH3COOCH2CH2CH3
Carboxylic Acids -oic acid ethanoic acid
CH3COOH

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