Freud's Psychoanalytic "Analysis of a phobia of a five-year-old boy" (Hans)

Pretty long powerpoint but covers everything for the AS OCR spec. Don't need to know all the background, it helps when trying to understand the whole study though. Also includes:

  • Aims
  • Procedure/Method/Sample
  • Results
  • Conclusions
  • Criticisms (Strengths and Weaknesses)

Thanks to james knight and Caelin for corrections! Well spotted :)

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  • Created by: Sheldon
  • Created on: 11-03-09 00:34

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Slide 1

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Analysis of a phobia of a
five-year-old boy (1909)
Sigmund Freud…read more

Slide 2

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Theory of personality (Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic
Freud said the personality is made up of three different
· Id (rhymes with 'bid') ­ This represents all instinctual drives
which are motivated by reducing pain and seeking pleasure
(e.g. a baby cries when it is hungry and smiles when it is
· Ego ­ develops in order to satisfy the Ids needs in a socially
acceptable way (usually within the first few years of life e.g.
toddler learning to say 'please' and 'thank you' when asking
for and receiving food)
· Superego - This structure represents the individuals internal
framework of moral values that exist in the surrounding
culture (e.g. value of life is an important moral value in the…read more

Slide 3

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Background 2
Ego Defense Mechanisms
These defensive mechanisms help protect the ego according to
Freud. There are 6;
· DENIAL ­ pretending a stimuli that provokes anxiety doesn't
exist when the individual knows it does exist (e.g.
· DISPLACEMENT ­ taking out unacceptable impulses on weaker
targets (e.g. hunting)
· PROJECTION ­ placing socially unacceptable impulses in
yourself on to someone else (e.g. Bullying)
· REGRESSION ­ returning to a previous stage of development (e.
g. crying/sulking when a person doesn't get their own way)
· REPRESSION ­ pulling experiences in to the unconscious (often
with particularly painful memories)
· SUBLIMATION ­ acting out socially unacceptable impulses in
an acceptable way (such as rough sports e.g. Rugby)…read more

Slide 4

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Background 3
Psychosexual Stages of Development
Consequences of fixation as a
Stage Age Erogenous Zone(s)
child on adult behaviour(s)
0 ­ 18
Oral Mouth Excessive smoking/eating/kissing
Anal ­ retentive; obsessed with
18 ­ 36 Bowel & Bladder neatness & organisation.
months elimination Anal ­ expulsion; defiant and
Oedipus Complex (Boys only) ­
next slide
Electra Complex (Girls only) -
Phallic 3 ­ 6 years Genitals girls are disappointed when
realised they don't have a penis
but are comforted by the fact they
can have children
Children tend not to fixate/get
6 years - stuck at this stage but those who
Latency Dormant sexual feelings
Puberty do are extremely sexually
unfulfilled in adult life
Puberty Frigidity, impotence,
Genital Sexual interests mature
onwards unsatisfactory relationships…read more

Slide 5

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Oedipus Complex
· During Phallic stage Freud believed a boy develops sexual
love for his mother and because of this sees his father as a
rival and wants to get rid of him
· However the father is more powerful and the child develops
a fear that his father will castrate him
· The boy finds it impossible to live with this threat and this
results in him developing a coping mechanism whereby they
'identify with the aggressor'
· This involves stressing the ways his is similar to his father
(by adopting his attitudes/mannerisms/actions etc) as he
believes if his father sees him as similar he will not feel
hostile towards him…read more

Slide 6

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· To treat Hans' illness
· To record evidence which supports
Freud's theory of child sexuality…read more

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Slide 10

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A really useful presentation on Freud's "Little Hans" case study.

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