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C O R E S T U D Y: F r e u d (1909)

Analysis of a Phobia in a 5 year-old boy.

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Freud


Learning Outcomes
By the end of this session you will have progressed by being able
to:
1. Outline the Psychodynamic Approach
2. Describe the Levels of Consciousness: The Id, Ego & Superego
3. Outline Freud's Theory of Development
4. Describe Freud's Oedipus Complex

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1. The Psychodynamic Approach
2. Levels of Consciousness
3. Freud's Theory of Development
4. The Oedipus Complex

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Assumptions
All behaviour is learned
Stimulus ­ response is the process by which behaviour is learned
Strengths
Lots of empirical research
Used in society e.g. education, therapy
Weaknesses
Much research on animals
Too simplistic to explain human behaviour
Key Studies: Bandura, Reicher & Haslam, Piliavin, Savage-Rumbaugh

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2. The Psychodynamic Approach

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Assumptions
Behaviour is ruled by the unconscious
Innate drives (often sexual) cause our behaviour
Strengths
Still used in society e.g. psychotherapy
Explains many different aspects of human behaviour
Weaknesses
Little empirical evidence, mostly case studies
Often culturally or historically biased

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What is the Psychodynamic Approach?
This approach is focused on Emotions and what
we will. What are our motivations for certain
BACKGROUND




behaviours?
The interaction between Unconscious drives
and early experiences. This approach makes a
few assumptions:
The mind has Conscious & Unconscious areas ­ it
is mostly the unconscious…

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Who Was Freud?
o Oldest of eight children
FREUD BACKGROUND



o Married with 3 girls & 3 boys
o Physician-Biologist, Scientific
oriented & Pathology oriented
theory.
o Jewish-anti-religion: `All religion
an illusion used to cope with
feelings of infantile helplessness'
o Lived in Vienna Austria for 78
years until 1938…

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FREUD BACKGROUND
What did he do?
Helped to alleviate mental health problems (called
Hysteria at the time)
He did this through a talking therapy that is called
psychoanalysis.
Published vast amount of work on his theories that
were derived from analysis of his clients, family and
himself.
Promoted the belief…

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Levels of
Consciousness

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