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Freud
Learning Outcomes
By the end of this session you will have progressed by being able
to:
1. Outline the Psychodynamic Approach
2. Describe the Levels of Consciousness: The Id, Ego & Superego
3. Outline Freud's Theory of Development
4.…read more

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The Psychodynamic Approach
2. Levels of Consciousness
3. Freud's Theory of Development
4.…read more

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Assumptions
All behaviour is learned
Stimulus ­ response is the process by which behaviour is learned
Strengths
Lots of empirical research
Used in society e.g.…read more

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The Psychodynamic Approach…read more

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Assumptions
Behaviour is ruled by the unconscious
Innate drives (often sexual) cause our behaviour
Strengths
Still used in society e.g.…read more

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What is the Psychodynamic Approach?
This approach is focused on Emotions and what
we will. What are our motivations for certain
BACKGROUND
behaviours?
The interaction between Unconscious drives
and early experiences. This approach makes a
few assumptions:
The mind has Conscious & Unconscious areas ­ it
is mostly the unconscious areas that motivate our
behaviour
Childhood is a critical period of development ­
early experiences can shape our behaviour later
in life.…read more

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Who Was Freud?
o Oldest of eight children
FREUD BACKGROUND
o Married with 3 girls & 3 boys
o Physician-Biologist, Scientific
oriented & Pathology oriented
theory.
o Jewish-anti-religion: `All religion
an illusion used to cope with
feelings of infantile helplessness'
o Lived in Vienna Austria for 78
years until 1938
o Based theory on personal
experiences
o Died of cancer of the jaw &
Sigmund Freud mouth. He was a lifelong cigar
chain-smoker.…read more

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FREUD BACKGROUND
What did he do?
Helped to alleviate mental health problems (called
Hysteria at the time)
He did this through a talking therapy that is called
psychoanalysis.
Published vast amount of work on his theories that
were derived from analysis of his clients, family and
himself.
Promoted the belief that our mental well-being is
influenced by early childhood experiences and the
society we live in.…read more

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Levels of
Consciousness…read more

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