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FORMATION
Take the third person plural form (ils) of the
present tense, and take off the ­ent to form
the stem
Add the subjunctive endings:
Je e
Tu es
Il e
Nous ions
Vous iez
Ils ent…read more

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IRREGULAR VERBS
Faire
Fasse, fasses, fasse, fassions, fassiez, fassent
Falloir
Faille
Pouvoir
Puisse, puisses, puisse, puissions, puissiez,
puissent
Savoir
Sache, saches, sache, sachions, sachiez, sachent
Vouloir
Veuille, veuilles, veuille, voulions, vouliez,
veuillent…read more

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IRREGULAR VERBS
Avoir
Aie, aies, ait, ayons, ayez, aient
Etre
Sois, sois, soit, soyens, soyez, soient
Aller
Aille, ailles, ailles, allions, alliez, aillent
Valoir
Vaille, vailles, vaille, valions, valiez, vaillent
Pleuvoir
Pleuve…read more

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The subjunctive is only normally used in
subordinate clauses, and is triggered by something
in the main clause. This trigger can be from one of
USAGE several categories. The main 2 categories are verbs
and conjunctions.
Verbs:
Verbs expressing personal desire
Expressing a desire or intention that something
should or should not happen
E.g. Voulez-vous que nous restions
Impersonal verbs of necessity
E.g. After il faut que, or il suffit que
Verbs expressing emotion
Emotion such as surprise or fear
E.g. Je m'étonne que, j'ai peur que
Note that after verbs of fearing, the subjunctive
verb is preceded by `ne'. This is a feature of careful
written French, not a negative!
E.g. Je crains qu'il ne soit....…read more

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USAGE
Impersonal expression of emotion/judgement
E.g. Il est bon que, il est dommage que
Verbs expressing doubt or disbelief
E.g. Je doute que
This extends to verbs of thinking (and ésperer ­ to hope), but
only when they are used negatively or interrogatively e.g. Je ne
pense pas qu'il y en ait. Otherwise they take indicative
Impersonal expressions of impossibility
E.g. C'est impossible que, il ne semble pas que
Note that although `il est peu probable que' (it is unlikely)
takes subjunctive, `il est probable que' (it is likely) takes
indicative!
Also the difference between `il semble que' (it seems that)
which takes subjunctive and `il me semble que' (it seems to me
that) which takes indicative
S'attendre à (to expect) is always followed by the
subjunctive…read more

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