French perfect tense

Explanation of perfect tense in french

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When to use it: For describing what has happened, what someone has done or what
happened in the past .
How to form it: You need to remember that there are two parts to a perfect tense verb -
the auxiliary verb and the past participle.
The auxiliary verb shows who or what did the action and the past participle shows what
= The auxiliary verb ( in present tense ) + the past participle
Like in English the auxiliary verb is "avoir" however some of the verbs in the perfect use the
verb "être" as the auxiliary instead.
1) Using etre
Mourir ( to die)
Retourner (to return)
Sortir ( to go out)
Venir( to come)
Arriver (to arrive)
Naître (to be born)
Descendre ( to descende)
Entrer (to enter)
Tomber( to fall )
Rester ( to remain)
Aller (to go)
Monter (to go up)
Partir (to leave) / passé (to pass by)
These all follow these endings:
je suis
tu es

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Il/elle/on est
nous sommes
vous êtes
Ils/elles sont
1) Using avoir
For past participles that aren't with mrs van de tramp they follow these ending :
Je ai
tu as
Il/elle/on a
nous avons
vous avez
Ils/elles ont
Irregular past participles used for avoir
avoir --> eu (had)
boire --> bu (drunk)
comprendre --> compris (understood)
connaître --> connu (known)
croire --> cru (believed)
devoir --> dû (had to)
dire --> dit (said)
écrire --> écrit (written)
être --> été (been)
faire --> fait (done)…read more

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Example of this :
je suis allé(e)
tu es allé(e)
il est allé
elle est allée
on est allé(e)(s)
nous sommes allé(e)s
vous êtes allé(e)(s)
ils sont allés
elles sont allées…read more


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