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French AS grammar

Nouns
Gender:
Masculine endings:
- acle
- age (exc. La cage, une image, la page, la plage)
- al
- ail
- amme (exc. La gamme)
- eau
- ème
- er (exc. La mer)
- et
- isme
- ment (exc. La jument)
- oir
Feminine…

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Plural nouns :
Generally made plural by adding ­s
Other endings :
Singular Plural
-al -aux, -als
-ail -aux, -ails
-au, -eau, -eu add ­x
-ou -ous, -oux
-s, -x, -z no change

Exceptions to learn :
Le ciel Les cieux
Un oeil Les yeux
Le grand-parent Les grands-parents
Madame…

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Adjectives
Agreement :
Adjectives must agree with their noun in gender and number.
Usually masculine singular :
Add ­e for feminine
Add ­s for plural
Add ­es for feminine plural

Note :
adjectives ending in -e do not need an extra e for the feminine form
adjectives that end in…

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To compare :
Plus...que (more...than)
Moins...que (less...than)
Aussi...que (as...as)

Note : each adjective must still agree with its noun

To form superlatives :
Le/la/les plus/moins + adjective (the most/biggest/best etc)
e.g. Ce sont les filles les moins sportives

Irregular forms :
Bon = meilleur (better/best)
Mauvais = pire (worse/worst)

Demonstrative…

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Adverbs
Comparatives and superlatives :
These are formed in the same way as for adjectives
Moins souvent que..., plus vite que..., aussi facilement que...

Note irregulars :
Bien = mieux (well/better/the best)
Mal = pire (badly/worse/the worst)

Interrogative :
Comment, quand, combien, pourquoi, où
All of these can be used…

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Indirect means when there is someone or something in the way, usually indicated by the word or
sense of to
So "he talks to me" = "il me parle"

Direct literally means when there's no one or nothing in the way
So he sees me is "il me voit"

Direct…

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Que Who, whom, which, that
Ce qui What, something that
Ce que What, something that
Où Where, when
Don't Of which, whose
Quoi What
Lequel, laquelle, lesquels, Which
lesquelles

Qui is the most common of these, it represents someone or something that is the subject of the
verb that follows…

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Sing Plural
Masc Celui Ceux
Fem Celle Celles

Possessive:
Possessive pronouns needs a definite article (a word for the)
C'est à qui ce sac? C'est le mien!
Whose bag is this? It's mine!

Masc. sing Fem. sing Masc pl. Fem pl.
Mine Le mien La mienne Les miens Les miennes…

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These are conjugated in the same way as other verbs, however have a reflexive pronoun between
the subject and verb: me, te, se, nous, vous, se

S'intéresser : to be interested
Je m'intéresse
Tu t'intéresses
Il/elle/on s'intéresse
Nous nous intéressons
Vous vous intéressez
Ils/elles s'intéressent
Perfect tense : reflexive verbs…

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penser à to think of
réussir à to succeed in

Verbs followed by de + infintive :
accepter de to agree to
s'arrêter de to stop
avoir envie de to feel like
avoir peur de to be afraid to
cesser de to stop
choisir de to choose
décider de to…

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