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Page 1

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Tenses

Revision of the tenses in the `je' form:

Infinitive Pastperfect Present Future
Faire J'ai fait Je fais Je ferai
to do
Aller Je suis allé Je vais J'irai
to go
Jouer J'ai joué Je joue Je jouerai
to play
Regarder J'ai regardé Je regarde Je regarderai
to watch
Finir…

Page 2

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In French you can only say `she has eaten', you cannot say `she ate'.
You must have 3 words: the person (he, we, a name etc)
the correct from of the verb
the verb in its past participle form
Avoir

Person Person Avoir Past Participle for
(English) (French) type of…

Page 3

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Avoir to have eu
Boire to drink bu
Connaitre to know connu
Comprendre to understand compris
Conduire to drive conduit
Courir to run couru
Croire to believe cru
Devoir to have to dû
Dire to say dit
Ecrire to write écrit
Etre to be été
Faire to do / make…

Page 4

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Forming the imperfect tense

Take the nous part of the present tense
Take off the ons
Add the imperfect ending:

Person Ending
Je ais
Tu ais
Il / Elle / On ait
Nous ions
Vous iez
Ils / Elles aient

Only être is different:
Person Ending
J' étais
Tu étais…

Page 5

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Present Tense Verbs

Endings
er re ir
I e is s
You es is s

Page 6

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He / She / One e it
We ons issons ons
You (pl.) ez issez ens
They ent issent ent

Avoir / être

Avoir Être
To have To be
I J'ai Je suis
You Tu as Tu es
He / She / One Il / Elle / On a Il…

Page 7

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to be able
to
Prendre prends prends prend prenons prenez prennent
to take
Recevoir reçois reçois reçoit recevons recevez reçoivent
to get
Savoir sais sais sait savons savez savent
to know
something
Sortir sors sors sort sortons sortez sortent
to go out
Venir viens viens vient venons venez viennent
to…

Page 8

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Add `ant'
e.g. Faire > nous faisons > faisant

Irregular Verbs

Infinitive Present Participle
Etre étant
to be
Avoir Ayant
to have
Savoir Sachant
to know

Examples:
Sachant qu'il était mal, je suis allé le voir ­ Knowing that he was ill, I went to see him
Je fais toujours…

Page 9

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Verb vais vas va allons allez vont
Meaning I am You are He / She / We are You (pl.) are They are
going going One is going going going going

Examples
Nous allons sortir ce soir We are going out tonight
Estce que tu vas finir tes devoirs? Are…

Page 10

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to be able to
Recevoir Je recevrai I shall receive / get
to get
Savoir Je saurai I shall know
to know something
Venir Je viendrai I shall come
to come
Voir Je verrai I shall see
to see
Vouloir Je voudrai I shall want
to want to

Hint
You…

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