FREE WILL and DETERMINISM - ZIMBARDO and the LUCIFER EFFECT

zimbardo and the lucifer effect for free will and determinism at a2 with OCR

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Zimbardo and the Lucifer Effect
What makes people evil?
Lucifer ­ goes from heaven to hell
Lucifer effect focuses on the negative ­ goodness becomes evil
Evil is the exercise of power
The boundary between good and evil can be permeable
Systems ­ institutions and groups of people ­ social determinism
Intentionally harm, hurt, destroy and commit crimes against humanity
God may be morally culpable ­ created hell ­ Omnipotent, omniscient
How do psychologists understand such transformations of human character?
Dispositional: inside of individuals: the bad apples
Situational: external: the bad barrel
Systematic: broad influences: political, economic, legal power: the bad barrel-makers
Understanding human character changes ­ Lucifer effect
Lucifer Effect celebration of the human mind's infinite capacity
Kind or cruel, caring or indifferent, creative or destructive, makes us villains or heroes
Milgram
Psychology ­ total obedience to authority
God ­ total disobedience to authority
Jim Jones
Stanford Prison Experiment
Seven social processes that grease the slippery slope of evil:
Mindlessly taking the first small step
Dehumanization of others
De-individuation of self (anonymity)
Diffusion of personal responsibility
Blind obedience to authority
Uncritical conformity to group norms
Passive tolerance of evil through inaction, or indifference
New or unfamiliar situation
`Nothing is easier than to denounce the evil doer, Nothing more difficult than understanding him'
Understanding is not excusing
The people that put people into that position are morally responsible
Heroism is the antidote to evil
Use that same information to make heroes instead of villains
Have to be a deviant to be a hero
If you're going to be a hero, you need to think about society, not just the individual
Zimbardo is a soft determinist

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