FREE WILL and DETERMINISM - WHAT DID BANDURA THINK ABOUT ETHICAL THEORY

bandura on free will and determinism

a2 ethics with OCR

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  • Created on: 05-06-12 20:07
Preview of FREE WILL and DETERMINISM - WHAT DID BANDURA THINK ABOUT ETHICAL THEORY

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What does Bandura think about ethical theory?
Bandura was a behaviourist psychologist who believed in the importance of the environment in
determining behaviour. Bandura carried out an experiment with children using a Bobo doll to see if
children imitate aggressive behaviour from their environment. His results suggests that are actions
are determined by the environment. The children, who observed an adult acting aggressively
towards the Bobo doll, did so also. Yet, we could not say that those children were morally
responsible for their actions; they were just copying what they saw in their environment.
Similarly, psychologists Watson and Rayner used the Little Albert experiment to demonstrate that
fears and phobias are determined by the environment.
There is also the view that social factors can determine behaviour. Milgram demonstrated that
ordinary people will commit immoral acts when socially pressured by an authority figure. Zimbardo
believed that people are good or evil depending on the institutions or groups of power who control
situations and take moral responsibility

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