Free will and Determinism

Contains theories of Hard determinists, soft determinists, libertarianism and theological explanations

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Any ideas of free will is an illusion, a person can This is the belief that free will and There are three meanings to Free Will, these are: It comes in two varieties:
only act in the way that their genes and determinism are compatible. 1. HAVING A CHOICE - This is when we act 1. FOREKNOWLEDGE - If God is an
environment has made them. If you knew all differently given the same set of omniscient being, then the future
the psychological facts about someone, then Freedom is incompatible with the idea
circumstances, i.e. there is more than one by God and no alternatives are po
you could predict exactly how that person of fatalism - the view that human
would act in a given situation. beings are powerless to change the course of action. God knows that it is going to rain
course of events, but it is compatible 2. NOT BEING FORCED TO DO SOMETHING - If tomorrow, then it will definitely ra
Everything has a cause and effect. E.G. with the theory of universal causation someone puts a gun to your head and tells tomorrow.
(CAUSE) Friction- rubbing hands causes if the choices we make are you to do something, your behaviour is not 2. GOD IS THE ULTIMATE CAUSE OF
(EFFECT) Heat - getting hands warm. underpinned by our desires. E.G.
free. EVERYTHING - He has preordained
Ghandi fasted because he wanted free
India. A soft determinist would say that

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UNIVERSAL CAUSATION - All events are Ghandi's desire to free India caused 3. VOLUNTARY ­ most behaviour is free and will ever occur, there cannot be an
predictable. With the increasing ability to him to fast. not due to reflexes, unlike someone who has deviation from the future.
account for human feelings and emotions, the
Tourette's behaviour.
belief has grown that man acts in accordance Internal and external causes. When the
with CAUSAL LAWS.…read more

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Personality is formed by genes and
environment and makes us more likely to
choose certain actions and not others.
2. MORAL SELF - Not empirical but an ethical
concept. It is used when faced with a moral
choice. Involves deciding between
self-interest and duty. The moral self can
overcome the causal determined choices of
one's personality and become morally
responsible for he does.
If personality can be determined why can't moral self
be conditioned in the same way?
A libertarian would say:
1.…read more

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B, But that doesn't mean that A will be
faster again. The argument here is that contingent
truths about the world make the future unpredictable.
We can't know the future from contingent truths.…read more


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