Formal Situations essay

A formal situations essay for AS English Language.

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How to communicate successfully in formal situations
Here you will find out everything you need to know about how to act in formal situations,
and the main focus will be giving advice and tips on what to do and more importantly what
not to do on a job interview.
Job interviews are obviously very formal as employers are looking to find the best candidate
for the available job, so it is important that the choice of language you use in this situation is
appropriate. Avoid using slang words in these situations as these words may make you seem
uneducated because you could use a more appropriate word to replace it. So obviously the
employers will be looking for candidates who avoid using slang and words that everybody
There are other things that the interviewer will be looking for, not just what words you use
and what you say, but your body language and other prosodic features. One of the things
that they can draw a lot from is eye contact make sure that you maintain the correct amount
of eye contact with the interviewer as this can show how confident you are, or if you have a
lack of confidence. For example if you attain little or no eye contact then this could mean
that your self esteem and confidence is low, and lets face it who would have the confidence
to hire someone who isn't even confident in themselves? But at the same time avoid keeping
eye contact intensely for the whole time as this can be intimidating, so you must judge on
how much eye contact to keep at a certain time.
Another prosodic (Non verbal communication) feature that they will want to see you doing
is some sort of indication that you understand and are following what they are saying, usually
in the form of a gentle nod. If the interviewer is explaining something in detail, then you must
show that you are following them because if there is no response and your face is blank,
then it would seem that you are not clear on what they are saying or even worse, not
interested or just not listening.
Here are some do's and don'ts regarding body actions in a formal situations:
Sit up straight/Stand up straight
Maintain eye contact
Look interested in what other people are saying
Smile and maintain a `friendly face'
Do Not
Yawn or sigh
Look down for periods of times
Look disinterested/bored/angry/unhappy
There is a theory to do with how you ask for something, and whether it is more of a demand
than a question. This is called face theory and there are two parts to this theory, saving face
and challenging face. Saving face is when you ask a question politely and this question

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By doing this the other person can still keep their credibility or `face'. An
example of saving face would be `Can you please shut that door, if you don't mind.'
The other part of face theory is challenging face, this is when you demand something of the
person, rather than asking a question and this imposes pressure on the person being asked
and because the other person is demanding something their `face' or credibility is being
challenged.…read more


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