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ISOLATIONISM

Policy of Isolationism

In the 1920s US helped Europe recover from WW1 by lending money and taking lead in disarmament meetings (to
prevent future war)

The great depression brought America to isolationism as they needed to redevelop their economic state



Increasing involvement in world affairs

· Good Neighbour Policy…

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INTERVENTIONISM

Pearl Harbour ­ America enters WW2

· 7 December 1941 ­ Japanese force attacked US naval fleet at Pearl Harbour (Hawaii)
· US intelligence worked out Japanese movements but failed to warn Pearl Harbour in time
· US declared war on Japan with UK
· Germany & Italy helped…

Page 3

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CONTAINMENT

Reasons for Cold War

· US feared spread of communism
· USSR occupied large parts of Eastern Europe through Satellite States

Policy of Containment

Truman Doctrine 1947

· Truman offered to help any government threatened by communism
· Containment ­ preventing the expansion of Communism into non-Communist countries

Marshall…

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Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962

· Fidel Castro becomes new leader of Cuba ­ 1959
· Castro ejected all US investment and US refused to import their sugar ­so Castro went to Khrushchev
· Became communist ­ worried Kennedy
· Bay of Pigs 1961 ­ failed attempt to overthrow Castro as…

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DÉTENTE

Détente

· Calming tensions




SALT I

· USA & USSR
· Strategic Arms Limitation Talks ­ signed 1972
· Limited number of missiles
· 1st agreement between the superpowers

Helsinki Agreements 1975

· USA, USSR & 33 other nations

SECURITY HUMAN RIGHTS CO-OPERATION

· High hand shake

China

·…

Page 6

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REFREEZE

Refreeze

· Reagan became president ­ `Evil Empire'
· 1983 SDI `Star Wars' ­ destroy soviet missiles in space ­ USSR no longer had the economic ability to fund
keeping up with the USSR

Reagan & Gorbachev

· Glasnost ­ openness
· Perestroika ­ restructuring

· Geneva Accord ­…

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