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Foreign Policy 15581567
STAGE ONE

Elizabeth's main foreign policy aims were:
1. Security
2. Preserve the Antwerp cloth trade
3. Secure the Northern frontier
4. Protect the channel coast
5. Maintain friendships with both France and Spain

SCOTLAND: 156067

1560 Francis II dies and leaves Mary Queen of Scots widowed.…

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SCOTTISH REFORMATION:

1. 1528 Hamilton is burnt at the stake and becomes a martyr for the Protestant
cause
2. 1546 Wishart is burnt at the stake and becomes a martyr for the Protestant
cause and the last Scottish cardinal David Beaton is murdered, the town of St
Andrews is seized.…

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Why did Elizabeth sign away her claim to Calais?

1. Put less financial stress on England as Calais was very expensive to maintain overseas
2. She could be at peace with France and rebuild her own economy whilst they were
dealing with the Wars of Religion.
3. Her attentions could…

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STAGE TWO

Elizabeth's main foreign policy aims were:

Minimise the Spanish control in the Netherlands.
Limit the expansionist attitudes of the French.
Minimise the Spanish military presence in the Netherlands.

DEVELOPMENTS: 15681572

1. The Auld Alliance is temporarily revived by James VI.
2. Spain has increased its military capabilities by…

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TREATY OF NEMOURS: JUNE 1585

The protestant Henry of Navarre submitted to the Catholic league that was formed
under Joinville and converted to CATHOLICISM NOT COMMUNISM.
This led to the War of Three Henries which distracted France from any major
intervention in the Netherlands.

TREATY OF NONSUCH: 1585

England officially…

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Philip II of Spain had seen this whole expedition as a `catholic crusade' despite the
Pope's scepticism.
The armada was defeated by the English and is the greatest military victory of the
Tudor age.

THROUGH 1585 TO 1603 EXPEDITIONS ON LAND IN THE AMERICAS WERE ONGOING AND
THE ENGLISH COLONISED…

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Aid was sent to Henry of Navarre, the Protestant heir of the French throne, in 1589 a
total of 3600 men were sent to Normandy and Maine where conditions were hard
and the army was worn down to only 800 men to be fit for service.
However in 1593 Henry…

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By 1590 Ireland had been a continuing problem for the crown.

THE NINE YEARS WAR: TYRONE'S REBELLION

1594/5 rebellion broke out throughout Ireland.
Third major large scale rebellion in Ireland in the 1500s.
Closely linked to the AngloSpanish war.
Proved to be more difficult than any other rebellion.
Fought between…

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