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CASE STUDIES ­ FLOODING








LEDC ­ Bangladesh 1998

Caused by storm surge

Hit on 15th November

Bangladesh = part of huge delta & low relief land

30 million homeless
1,000 died
National Government ­ program to restock farms
e.g. seeds





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MEDC ­ River Rhine 1995

Europe's busiest river

Caused by heavy rainfall

75% land below sea level

200,000 people evacuated

Embankments replaced/ rebuilt















CASE STUDIES ­ VOLCANOES


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MEDC Mount Etna 2001

Italy, Sicily, 12th July

Active composite volcano.

Ski resort (tourism)

Plate boundaries= destructive

Tourist facilities destroyed/closed

Evacuation

Money given





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LEDC ­ Nevado del Ruiz 1985

Colombian Andes, November 13th

Dormant for 150 years

Destructive margin

Ice capped

5000 homes
destroyed
Cost 20% of Colombia's GDP
US Gov sent £1 million
Nurses and doctors sent










CASE STUDIES ­ EARTHQUAKES

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LEDC ­ Sichuan 2008

Northwest of China, 12th May

Collision margin






70,000 deaths
Coal mining areas damaged by tremors
80 tonnes toxic liquid ammonia spilled
£2million from China's emergency relief fund
20 helicopters






Prediction Preparation
Earthquake Seismicity patterns Training (duck, cover & hold)

(forecasting technique Test for Hydrogen/ radon content.…

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Detect trends on previous Having emergency services ready
epicentres and earthquakes.
Volcano Gas samples taken. Test pH of Create an exclusion zone round
water ­ acidic = rise in sulphur the volcano
levels.
Residents should be prepared with
Thermal imaging and satellite survival kits (food, blanket...)
cameras detect temp rise…

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Structure













Human activity







Sustainable action









CLIMATE

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Britain's climate















































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FARMING






Vine House Farm

Fens of East Anglia

Arable farming (specific to crops & ploughing)

Increased in size



change in...




(MEDC/EU)














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INDUSTRY

Industry in South Wales ­ Iron & Steel
(MEDC / EU)




Landscape




Decline


Loss of jobs
Town became derelict
Regenerate













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