Fill in the gaps for key approaches

Fill in the gaps for unit 1 AQA b psychology. Revision. 

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Psychology exam (10.01.13): revision exercise
Just a quick test, refreshing your knowledge and working that brain ready for your exam!
Key approaches
Psychodynamic approach
Psychosexual stages:
1. What is submerged during the latency stage?
2. AO2 of the psychosexual stages: In V _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ days, divorce was unheard of, _ _ _ _ _ _
parent households rarely existed. Homosexual and lesbian households were _ _ _ _ o. This is why
Freud
f _ _ _ _ _ to consider _ _ _ _ _ _ parent households.
Psychoanalysis
1. The goal of psychoanalysis is to bring the u _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to the surface and resolve
c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _between the id and superego and addresses _ _ _ _ _ n wishes/_ _ _ _ _ _ _ and
fears.
2. _ _ _ _ _ analysis: Freud believed _ _ _ _ _ _ are _ _ _ _ fulfilling and contain _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
wishes/ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and fears. The therapist can analyse and interpret the true meaning of the
_ _ _ _ _. _ _ _ _ _ _ often contain visual s _ _ _ _ _ _ which at first glance may not make sense,
however, through analysis the true _ _ _ _ _ _ is discovered.
3. Why is psychoanalysis useful?
4. Psychoanalysis is effective as a psychological treatment but some patients need _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
intervention.
Behaviourist approach
Key assumptions and distinguishing features
1. John W_ _ _ _ _ was a key behaviourist who said we should only study o_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ behaviour.
AO2 He strongly c _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F_ _ _ _'s theory because his theories cannot be tested
s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
2. With classic conditioning, the relationship between the stimulus and response is known as
p_ _ _ _ _ a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
3. Areas of classic conditioning that can be applied to: a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _, people with p _ _ _ _ _ _ and
s _ _ _ _ _ _.
4. Operant conditioning, T _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _'s law of e_ _ _ _ _: behaviour has _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ if it is
followed by r _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ behaviour will _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (reinforcement) or if it is
followed by _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (behaviour decreases).

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Cognitive approach
Key assumptions and distinguishing features
1. There is no key figure who put forward this approach, however, the first _ _ _ _ _ _ experiment was
conducted in 18 _ _ by Herman _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
2.…read more

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Both Carl Rodgers and Abraham Maslow agree that we should view humans in a h_ _ _ _ _ _ _
manner: the _ _ _ _ _ person. As oppose to the _ _ d _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ explanations such as the
biological and _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
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E.g. drugs have been developed for d_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
Genetic m_ _ _ _ _ _ is c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ and unethical.…read more

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