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Changes in Germany
By 1918, the Allied was causing serious food shortages in
In December 1918, the Spartacist League tried to start a revolution in Berlin, but this
was crushed by the army and the .
Weimar Germany, 19191923
In 1918, many Germans had liked the authoritarian rule of the Kaiser and disliked
which they saw as a foreign idea imposed by the Allies.
In 1923, France and Belgium invaded the Ruhr because Germany said it was unable to
pay its second instalment. This led to the collapse of the German
currency and .
The founding of the Nazi Party
In 1921, had become leader of the Nazi Party.
Once he was leader, Hitler set up the (SA) to attack leftwing
meetings and demonstrations.
In November , Hitler's attempted 'Beer Hall Putsch' in Munich failed, and he was
Germany before the Depression
Under the leadership of Stresemann , Germany soon recovered from
the problems arising from the occupation of the Ruhr and experienced what became
known as the .
During this period, support for extreme parties , and the Nazis
experienced their 'Lean Years'.
Much of Germany's recovery in the 1920s, however, was based on loans from the
The Nazis come to power
The US loans to Germany stopped after the _ . By 1932,
unemployment had risen to million.
Because coalition governments found it difficult to agree on what action to take,
President Hindenburg increasingly ruled by , as allowed by Article 48 of the
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Growing violence by Nazi Stormtroopers, led by Ernst , and Hitler's assurances
to wealthy , led to Hitler's appointment as Chancellor in January _ .
The Nazi dictatorship
The Reichstag Fire helped Hitler push the through the Reichstag in
March 1933. By July,it had been used to establish a Nazi dictatorship.
Nazi power was maintained by the terror carried out by the Gestapo and the SS, which
were both under the control of Heinrich _ .…read more
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At the Wannsee Conference, 1942, leading Nazis decided on the "
Many Germans remained opposed to the Nazis the
(a group of students at Munich University) distributed antiNazi leaflets and
organised demonstrations, until their leaders were executed in 1944.
The Rote Kapelle (Red Orchestra) was a group of German who
passed military secrets to the USSR during the Second World War.
The July Bomb Plot in 1944 was led by von .…read more