Features of Organisms

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ORGANISM DESCRIPTION EXAMPLES
PLANTS 1. Multi-cellular Cereals,
2. Contain chloroplasts e.g. maize
so can Herbaceou
photosynthesise s legumes,
3. Cell walls made of e.g. peas
cellulose and beans
4. Store carbohydrates
as sucrose or starch
ANIMALS 1. Multi-cellular Mammals,
2. No chloroplasts so e.g. humans
can't Insects, e.g.
photosynthesise houseflies
3. No cell walls and
4. Nervous mosquitoe
coordination ­ can s
respond rapidly to
changes in
environment
5. Can move from one
place to another
6. Store carbohydrates
as glycogen
FUNGI 1. Some are Yeast ­
single-celled single-celle
2. Others have a body d
called a mycelium Mucor ­
with thread-like multi-cellu
structures called lar and has
hyphae. Hyphae a mycelium
contain a lot of nuclei and hyphae
3. Can't
photosynthesise
4. Cell walls made of
chitin
5. Feed by saprotrophic
nutrition ­ secrete
extracellular
enzymes into the
area outside their
body to dissolve
their food in, they can

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Store carbohydrates
as glycogen
PROTOCTISTS 1. Single-celled and Chlorella
microscopic (plant-cell-
2. Some contain like)
chloroplasts and are Amoeba
similar to plant cells (animal-cel
3. Others are more like l-like) ­
animal cells lives in
pond water
BACTERIA 1. Single-celled and Lactobacill
microscopic us
2. No nucleus bulgaricus
3. Circular chromosome ­ turns
of DNA milk sour
4. Some can and into
photosynthesise yoghurt.
5. Feed off other Rod-shape
organisms ­ both d
living and dead Pneumococ
cus ­
spherical in
shape
VIRUSES 1.…read more

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DNA
or RNA)…read more

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