Family Revision Guide

I made this revision guide as there was a lack of any revision books suitable.

There are several typo's etc but everything included is essential knowledge to pass the Family AQA exam, taken from the textbook, Harralambus and teachers notes.

As its more consise it should hopefully help,

Good luck!

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  • Created by: J.O'S
  • Created on: 27-11-11 16:27
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The Family

By Jennifer O'Sullivan

PAGES 38-45
Ideal of the family
Family is the cornerstone of our social world
Refuge form stresses of the outside world
A place where we can feel loved for who we are rather than what we are


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Marxist Perspective on the family



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Marxist sociologists see capitalist society as based on an unequal conflict between two classes:
The capitalist class, who own the means of production
The working class whose labour the capitalists exploit for profit

They see all societies' institutions, such as the education system, the media, religion, along with the family…

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Society also emphasises the importance of having the latest and greatest goods and people,
especially children, who do not have these `new' products are often looked down on.

Therefore, Marxists see the family in a negative light, as they believe that they maintain a capitalist
society; the inheritance of private…

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Criticisms on the perspective on the family

1. They are all structural theories
a. Assume families + members are `passive puppets' manipulated by the structure of society
2. They all assume that the traditional nuclear family is the dominant family type
a. Ignores increased diversity of families
Parson's view

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Feminists- see the family as serving the needs of men and exploiting women
Marxists- argue that it meet as the needs of capitalism not those of family members or society as a whole.

In Parsons View, as a result of this loss of functions the modern nuclear family comes to…

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7. Explain the difference between Marxist feminism and radical feminism.

8. Suggest two ways in which women have gained more equality in the last 40 years.


Cross-cultural differences in childhood
Take responsibility at an early age e.g. Bolivian children have to work from the age of 5

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Medieval society

Parental attitudes towards children in the middle ages were also different. High death rates encouraged
indifference and neglect especially towards infants.

Modern notion of childhood...
Schools specialised in the education of the young
Growing distinction between adult clothing
By the 18th century books on childbearing were widely available…

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Has the position of children improved?

March of progress view
steadily improving
Aries and Shorter agree that children are now more valued, better cared for, protected and
Conflict View
Other view is based on false and idealised image that ignores important inequalities
Inequalities between children and adults is greater…


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