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Family Diversity
Jennifer Riches

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Diversity
Diverse means variations. There are many variations
in families...

Family structure

Family size

Family formation

Family relationships

Family roles

Sexuality within families

Quality of life

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How are
families
diverse?

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Rapoports 1982
Identified five elements

.
of family diversity



Organizational diversity - this refers to family structure, kinship networks and
how roles are divided in the home.

Cultural Diversity - there is ethnic and religious diversity in the contemporary
UK, which give rise to family diversity.

Class-based Diversity - social…

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Single Parent Families

Has tripled in the last 30
years

Temporary phase?

Not all single parents have
been married

'shotgun weddings' in the
past due to pregnancies

Roseneil and Budgeon 2004

Allan and Crowe 2001

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Beanpole Families
Extended but in the
specific direction (long
and thin)

These are
multigenerational
families with more
intergenerational
contact

Than intragenerational
contact (cousins)

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Fewer intragenerational ties ... More intergenerational ties...


High divorce rates. When partners split
People are living longer. Grandparents
up there can be a breakdown of
and even great grandparents are alive
contact between extended family
for longer and more physically fit.
members.
Falling fertility rates. If people have Practical and…

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Reconstituted
Families
When families merge
together to form a new
family

In 2004, 10% of all
families were reconstituted

Co-Parenting

Refs to situations where
children are cared for
separately by each of their
birth parents

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Cultural Diversity

Page 10

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Religion
There are links between religion and
family. Some religious people are
more likely to have children living
with them than others. Religion can
also influence the way that children
are socialised in families.

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