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Family Diversity
Jennifer Riches

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Diverse means variations. There are many variations
in families...

Family structure

Family size

Family formation

Family relationships

Family roles

Sexuality within families

Quality of life

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How are

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Rapoports 1982
Identified five elements

of family diversity

Organizational diversity - this refers to family structure, kinship networks and
how roles are divided in the home.

Cultural Diversity - there is ethnic and religious diversity in the contemporary
UK, which give rise to family diversity.

Class-based Diversity - social…

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Single Parent Families

Has tripled in the last 30

Temporary phase?

Not all single parents have
been married

'shotgun weddings' in the
past due to pregnancies

Roseneil and Budgeon 2004

Allan and Crowe 2001

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Beanpole Families
Extended but in the
specific direction (long
and thin)

These are
families with more

Than intragenerational
contact (cousins)

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Fewer intragenerational ties ... More intergenerational ties...

High divorce rates. When partners split
People are living longer. Grandparents
up there can be a breakdown of
and even great grandparents are alive
contact between extended family
for longer and more physically fit.
Falling fertility rates. If people have Practical and…

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When families merge
together to form a new

In 2004, 10% of all
families were reconstituted


Refs to situations where
children are cared for
separately by each of their
birth parents

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Cultural Diversity

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There are links between religion and
family. Some religious people are
more likely to have children living
with them than others. Religion can
also influence the way that children
are socialised in families.


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