Family and Socialisation

Notes on the whole of family and socialisation unit for GCSE AQA humanities.

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  • Created on: 11-05-11 18:16
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FAMILY AND SOCIALISATION
SOCIETY
Made up of individuals
People have to learn how to COMMUNICATE and CO-OPERATE if they want to live
together
Family teaches us how to live and survive in society
When children are born they are completely DEPENDENT on adults:
o Takes long time to learn skills of survival.
o Need someone to look after them.
o Need someone to teach them about society and how to fit in
Human beings have SOCIAL and EMOTIONAL needs ­ family provides this
Families are not all the same
There are different types of family and household structures:
Family is not easily defined
People have different beliefs about what makes up a family
Groups of people living together are not always "families"- they are HOUSEHOLDS
Most people agree on the basic roles of the family in society and what it should do:
o It should be responsible for reproduction
o It should provide affection and personal support for its members
o Most important role of the family is in the education, SOCIALISATION and care of
children.
A FAMILY: a group of persons directly linked by kin connections, which means they are related by
blood relationships or marriage. The relationships and shared responsibilities are what make a
family different to a HOUSEHOLD.
A HOUSEHOLD: a group of people who live together in shared accommodation. The crucial thing
about households is that the definition is based on where people live, not their relationships.
FAMILIES AND MARRIAGE
Parents are usually married- religious ceremony and officially bound
UK law: husband is only allowed one wife- MONOGAMY
Up to 1950s- man and women who had children or lived together were expected to be
MARRIED- if not married seen as morally wrong
Post 1950s- many people live together without being married and it is not seen as
IMMORAL
Last 60 years the range of families accepted has become more varied:
o Many people have several partners before they marry
o People have kids before marriage- some never get married
o Common for people to marry, divorce and then remarry- many people do this
several times. THIS IS CALLED SERIAL MONOGAMY
o Since December 2005: civil partnership act allows same sex couples to register as
CIVIL PARTNERS of each other. Same legal rights as married couple

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DIFFERENT TYPES OF FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS IN THE UK
o Families in the UK don't all live in the same kind of households, or have the same
relationships
o People follow different traditions, choose different lifestyles etc.…read more

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Common for families to live near to each other- shared responsibilities
ARRANGED MARRIAGES
Traditional UK family-children over 18 expected to make own choices about life
In some HINDU, SIKH AND MUSLIM families, the older people try to preserve the traditional
extended family and keep control of young people choices
Marriages arranged by parents
The marriage is important to the whole extended family: PRACTICAL ARRANGEMENT
THE MODERN EXTENDED FAMILY
Sikh and Hindu families
Close and enduring relationships with a wide range of relatives
The old remain…read more

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THE FAMILY HAS DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS
Not all families fulfil their functions very well- DYSFUNCTIONAL families
THE REPRODUCTIVE ROLE OF THE FAMILY
Societies need to maintain themselves by bringing children into the world
We have to ensure that the children are kept alive and grow up to fit into society
Family is responsible for this process
Difficult for a single person to do: mother needs help both financially and to look after home
UK Government gives help to parents and children in need:
o Social services:…read more

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GENDER ROLES IN THE FAMILY
Men and women have different roles
One of the reasons for this is BIOLOGICAL:
o Women give birth to children, and feed them in first few months of their life- babies
rely most on mother
o Gives women a role men can't take on
o The male role is usually the PROTECTOR and PROVIDER- men have greater size and
strength
This pattern stays common because of socialization:
o Boys and girls brought up differently in society
o Expected to have…read more

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EARLY SOCIALIZATION INTO GENDER ROLES
Traditional gender roles are still followed in some cultures
Boys and girls are socialized to have different attitudes, interests and values.
Baby girls praised to be "pretty", "cute" etc. while boys are "big", "tough" etc.…read more

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