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What is the role of the family?
MARXISM

Present day Britain society is a capitalist society. One in which industry and
business is in private hands. Main value is in capitalist society is the
accumulation of individual private wealth.
In a capitalist society the dominant social class is the BOURGEOISIE,…

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EVALUATION

Marxism provides a useful alternative to the idealism of functionalism.
Like functionalism, it assumes a traditional division of labour that now looks
rather dated.
The Marxist dichotomous (two fold) model of class doesn't allow for
consideration of differences between middle class and working class family life.
The emphasis on…

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MARXIST FEMINISM

Type of feminism
What is seen as the main cause of oppression?
They argue that the main cause of oppression isn't men but capitalism:
Women reproduce the labour force
Women absorb anger
Women are a `reserve army' of cheap labour
What needs to happen in order to remove…

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Strong support for the traditional
family
In Britain, conservative party was
influences by the right wing
perspective.



RISE
Until the 1980's British politics, while not left wing, was influenced by the key
left wing ideas.
Such as support for the welfare state, the redistribution of wealth and income
and the…

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Reinforce the male breadwinner role
Make divorce more difficult
Restrict abortion
Less promotion of homo sexuality
Give less status to cohabitation




New Right views on the decline of the family?

Recent years have been a growing concern about the state of the family ­
`decline'. This view of the family…

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Value judgements

The New Right see the nuclear family consisting a husband, wife and children
as the ideal.

Others are considered inferior.

Critics argue this reflects the values of New Right rather than balancing
judgements of the worth of family diversity in today's society.

Idealised view of the past

New…

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e.g. Objectivity, truth, hierarchies of knowledge, the significance of the
social/behavioural sciences, the power structures of society, the nature of the
self, sovereignty in political theory, justice, the stultifying dictatorship of
contemporary social norms.



According to Foucault, the process of normalisation, or adherence to social
norms, is internalised in us…

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expectancy meant that grand-parents were un-likely to be alive for a very
long after the birth of their first grandchild.
According to PARSONS industrialisation bought the nuclear family. However,
YOUNG and WILMOTT argue that the hard-ship of early industrial society
gave rise to the mum-centred working class extended family, based…

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Functions of the family after industrialisation?

Parsons argued the industrial revolution brought about four changes in the
family.

Historians challenge Parsons

They suggest that Parsons was too far simplistic in his interpretation of the
history of the family
They point out evidence suggests that individualisation may follow different
patterns indifferent…

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THE FAMILY MORALITY AND STATE POLICY



Family ideology...

Is the view that a particular type of family e.g. nuclear, and particular living
arrangements. E.g. marriage, men as breadwinners, women as housewives are
the ideas that the people should aspire too.
Ideology is transmitted through the media, politicians, religious leaders and…

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