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FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS

AQA Specification:
The relationship of the family to the social structure and social change, with
particular reference to the economy and to state policies.
Changing patterns of marriage, cohabitation, separation, divorce and childbearing
and the life-course, and the diversity of contemporary family and household
structures.
The nature…

Page 2

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Wilmott and Young (1962) argue that men are taking a greater share in the
domestic role, their wives are going out to work: DUAL INCOME FAMILIES.
Feminists argue that in a PATRIARCHAL SOCIETY this labour division benefits the
men.

JOINT AND SEGREGATED CONJUGAL ROLES:

Elizabeth Bott (1957):

Segregated Conjugal Roles:…

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These factors are interlinked, for instance ­ a dual income family increases the standard
of living for the family, which means the house can be made more attractive, and the
men would rather be there than at the pub, this means the family can afford more
labour saving devices to…

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Wives who did not work did 83% of the housework and part-time workers still
did 82%.
Wives who worked full-time did 73% of the housework, the longer the wife had
been in pain work, the more housework her husband was likely to do.
Couples whose PARENTS had a more equal…

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Lesbian Couples and Gender Scripts:

Dunne (1999) argues that society has deeply ingrained `gender scripts'
(expectations/norms that set out different gender roles for men and women).
These contribute to the inequality seen in HETEROSEXUAL families, according to
Dunne.
Dunne contrasted this situation to 37 cohabiting lesbian couples with dependant
children…

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Some Background Details:

Graham (1984) ­ women who had separated and were now living on benefits
stated that they and their children were better off because benefits were a more
reliable source of income that their ex husband.
Kempson (1994) ­ in low-income families women put the needs to their…

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Catriona Mirrlees-Black's 1999 survey of 16,000 people estimates that there are
6.6 million domestic assaults annually, 50% (approx) of which involve physical
injury.
Kathryn Coleman et al (2007) found that women were more likely than men to
have experienced `intimate violence'.
Mirrlees-Black found that:
o Most victims are women.
o…

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RF fail to explain female DV against children and partners, or indeed, why the vast
majority of men are opposed to DV.

Wilkison: Domestic Violence, Inequality and Stress:

Sees DV as a result of stress on family members caused by social inequality.
Inequality means that some families have fewer resources…

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