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Failure to reach a settlement 16461649

Factions in parliament 1646
Division had emerged from Charles' intransigence, about how to the fight the civil war
between moderates and radicals sometimes called Peace Party and the War Party
Two factions Religious and Political
Political Presbyterians
Conservative in social and political matters

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Proposed disbandment of the New Model Army (Holles)
Many wanted them disbanded because they had a reputation for radicalism. So when
they proposed a vote to disband army it was enthusiastically received by MP's who
voted in favour in February 1647.
Declaration of Dislike March 1647
Army Petition
Petition was…

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The army declared its refusal to disband until a just settlement, which guaranteed the
rights of "freedom of Englishmen" was obtained.

A Representation of the army 14th June 1647
Ireton and Lambert

On the 14th of June, a representation of the army, drafted principally by Ireton and John
Lambert aided…

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Dislike of religious radicalism, disorder and continuing expense provided a powerful
motivation, and the increasing Royalist London mobs were encouraged to demonstrate
for a settlement with the King.
Army joined by political independents

By the 3rd of August the army was just outside London, where the political independents

joined them…

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Charles mistaken conclusion
Charles did not believe he needed to come to terms at this time. The major
miscalculation of all those who sought to achieve a settlement with Charles was to
assume that he would accept his military defeat as final
For Charles it was temporary setback to his…

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Antiparliament / Ex parliamentarians
The "rebel" forces fell into three main groups (Scottish, Royalist, Parliamentarians) with
little in common other than a dislike of the existing central authority and its policies
Among ex parliamentarians as well as royalists there was a desire for a return to
normal and familiar forms…

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Army intended to exercise its right to a voice
Reservations regarding the king's reliability in any settlement had been made public
and the army had declared its right to a voice in any political settlement. Charles
negotiations with the scots, his secret engagement, his willingness to see new war and…

Page 8

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Prides Purge
Army acted
After parliament voted to continue negotiations with the king, the army decided to act,
and they were acting on the threat they made in the Remonstrance (Purge of
parliament, put Charles on trial)
The Army decided to follow through on their threat in the Remonstrance and…


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