Factfile Harvey, Paré and Vesallius

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Fact Files on the following individuals, Paré, Vesalius and Harvey.
Paré
Ambroise Paré 1510 ­ 1590. France.
Apprenticed to his brother and was a barber surgeon but then became a surgeon in Hotel
Dieu.
1536 he became an army surgeon and spent 20 years on campaign treating sword and
gunshot wounds.
Wrote `Works on Surgery' published in 1575.
Importance:
Before wounds were treated with boiling oil poured onto the wound and then stopped a
wound bleeding by sealing it with a redhot iron this is called cauterising.
After Paré discovered that wounds healed quicker if boiling hot oil wasn't used onto the
wound. Instead put bandages onto the wounds. He stopped cauterising by tying them with
silk thread.
Other treatments that worked better that Paré found
Instead of using boiling oil Paré used an ointment made from turpentine, egg yolks
and rose oil. (This acted as an antiseptic so Paré would put it onto the wound then
bandage it up).
When he used the ointment and bandage treatment he realised that soldiers didn't die
in the night and they felt little pain, wounds weren't inflamed or swollen. It was a much
better treatment than the oil and cauterising, where these soldiers were in pain and
wounds were swollen.
Ligatures
To stop bleeding,
the ends of the vessels lying hidden in the flesh must be drawn out with a pair of
crow's beak. Once this is done tie the arteries and veins with silk cotton thread this stops the
bleeding.
Factors of his discoveries
War Paré made his discoveries while working on the battlefield
Chance, Paré ran out of hot oil and so had to think of another way of treating wounds.
Technology, Paré's ideas for using ligatures were not effective until the development of
treatment/knowledge (germs).
Genius, Paré thought creatively to find new solutions to old problems.

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Fact Files on the following individuals, Paré, Vesalius and Harvey.
Vesalius
Andreas Vesalius 1514 ­ 1564. Brussels, Netherlands.
Studied medicine in Paris and Italy he worked/met people working with skeletons and
working with dissection.
He became a professor of surgery at Padua in Italy. Vesalius specialised in anatomy.
Wrote, `The Fabric of the human body' 1543 ­ De Humani Corporis Fabrica. Human
anatomy.
`Tabulae sex. 1538.…read more

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Fact Files on the following individuals, Paré, Vesalius and Harvey.
Harvey
William Harvey 1578 ­ 1657. England Kent.
Harvey studied at Cambridge and Padua in Italy.
He worked as a doctor in London then a professor in anatomy.
Wrote, `Motion of the heart and blood in animals' 1628.
Harvey specialised in Circulation of the blood
Importance
Before many doctors believed Galen's idea, of the Liver
manufacturing blood. This had been challenged but nobody
could prove it.…read more

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