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Biological Molecules…read more

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Hydrogen molecules are slightly polar because the oxygen is able to pull
the shared electrons towards it. This means there is a positive and
negative end.
· Solvent ­ able to interact with charged parts of other molecules, surround
them, and therefore dissolve them. 70-95% of cytoplasm in water.
Necessary to perform respiration and photosynthesis.
· Liquid ­ transport medium e.g. blood vascular tissue. Stays liquid over a
large temperature range.
· Cohesion - xylem, creates surface tension, hydrogen bonds pull in water at
the surface, walk on water.
· Freezing ­ forms ice on the surface which insulates the water below it so
organisms can survive in water all year round. Solid is less dense than
· Thermal stability ­ Evaporation removes heat by using lots of energy e.g.
panting, sweating, large bodies of water have fairly constant
temperatures. Hydrogen bonds restrict movement, lots of energy needed
to increase water temperature.
· Metabolic ­ Hydrolysis and photosynthesis.…read more

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group.…read more

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Polypeptide formation and hydrolysis…read more

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Primary structure:
the unique
sequence of amino
acids that code for
a protein
· Secondary
structure…read more

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