Eyjafajallajokull Eruption

Causes, social, economic and environmental impacts and responses

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  • Created on: 04-06-14 18:16
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Eyjafajallajökull Eruption Case Study
Type of hazard Eruption
Plate Boundary Constructive ­ North Atlantic Plate and Eurasian
Date of event 20th March ­ 23rd June 2010
Location Iceland
Economic development MEDC
Social Impacts 5,000,000 travellers stranded
500 farmers and their families evacuated
Homes and roads were damaged
Electricity and water supplies were disrupted
Economic Impacts European air travel was grounded for 6 days at a cost of
£1.1 billion to the aviation industry
95,000 flights were cancelled
Over 50,000 farmers were temporarily unemployed in Kenya
as they couldn't trade with Europe
Crops were damaged by the ash
Increase in tourism while it was erupting, one airline saw a
20% rise
Environmental Impacts The ash contaminated local water supplies
Farmers warned to not let livestock drink contaminated
water as there are high concentrations of fluoride in ash
which can have deadly effects
Up to 30,000 tonnes of CO2 was released each day
The eruption occurred beneath a glacier which led to large
amounts of melt water and cooled the lava to cool rapidly
Response Short Term
Refugees were kept out of the area
Long Term
Volcanologists are carefully monitoring the neighbouring
volcano Katla as every recorded eruption of Eyjafajallajökull
has preceded an eruption of Katla
Other The state funeral of the President of Poland Lech
Kaczyski and his wife on 18th April 2010 was affected as
some state leaders couldn't attend including Barack
Obama, Angela Merkel and Nicolas Sarkozy


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