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EYE WITNESS TESTIMONY



Leading Questions a question that either by its form or content, suggests to the witness
what answer is desired, or leads him to the desired answer.

Loftus & Palmer (1974)
They wanted to see if leading questions distorted the accuracy of EW recall. They showed
45 participants…

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EYE WITNESS TESTIMONY



in some way were more accurate their recall and
remembered more detail than those who had been
onlookers and less emotionally aroused. This
continued to be true 15 months later. This shows
that emotional arousal may enhance the accuracy of
EWT




Why the contradiction?
Deffenbacher suggests it…

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EYE WITNESS TESTIMONY




Elderly ­ Yarmey (1984)
Found that when asked questions about a stage event, 80% of elderly ppts
compared to 20% of younger adults failed to mention that the attacker had a
knife in his hand
Cohen & Faulkner (1989)
Participants were shown a film of kidnapping to…

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