A2 Psychology - Extra AO2

This is just some extra AO2 which my psychlology teacher gave me, you may or may not find it useful, obviously different people study different things and get taught different examples. any questions then ask me I'll try to answer them but can't make any promises!! I find it useful and hope that you do aswel! Good luck for the exam!

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Duck's (1999) Model of Dissolution AO2
Shows breakup as not just a sudden step but a process.
Identifies places where things start to go wrong that can be applied to
relationship counselling. For example, Duck suggests that if a relationship is in
the intrapsychic phase, repair should aim to reestablish liking for a partner rather
than trying to correct behavioural faults.
Breakdowns are studied retrospectively ­ for ethical reasons it would not be
possible to study them whilst they were happening. Retrospective data is
problematic (is it objective or accurate?)
The factors identified by Duck may apply only to certain groups of people.
NonWestern relationships (e.g. arranged marriages) may be formed differently
and it is therefore likely that different pressures will function in the breakdown.
For example, in an arranged marriage entire families and communities
are involved, and commitment is an important feature of relationship
Moghaddam (1993) found that North American relationships are mainly
individualistic (concerned with the needs of the self), voluntary and temporary
(the majority of relationships are able to be terminated). Most nonWestern
relationships are collective (concerned with the needs of other, e.g. kin),
obligatory and permanent.
Does not explain why relationships break down, just describes the process.
Other theories are more helpful in this regard.
Femlee (1995) put forward a "fatal attraction" hypothesis:
This suggests that the qualities which attract two people also
contribute to the breakdown.
In the initial stages, individuals are captivated by certain attributes in a partner.
This in effect "blinds" them to undesirable characteristics in a partner. As time
passes it becomes more difficult to overlook these things or see them in a more
positive light.


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