Exploitation and development in tundra areas - whaling alaska

Arctic with Bruce Parry – Alaska - whaling

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  • Created on: 30-04-14 09:38
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Arctic with Bruce Parry ­ Alaska
Alaska ­ tundra environment with many natural
resources eg: fishing, gold but conflict with the
indigenous people Prince William Sound ­ wild salmon
fishing by newcomers, $11bn per year
Industrial overfishing huge environmental problem
and is unsustainable; nets catch too many fish to allow
for reproduction for future fish populations
Lucrative, 15,000kilos a day-$12,000 a day, fish for
100 days ­ profits are huge, $1000 a day, work for 3
months a year and holiday for the rest of the year!
Fish to be shipped across the globe especially to Japan where
Alaskan salmon is highly prized
Fishing permits to ensure sustainability
What is the long term impact? Is this management enough?
Oil, gas and minerals eg: gold, price has tripled in last 5 years
more gold prospectors
Inupiat whale hunters, northern Alaska in Kaktovik, part of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Foreigners passing judgement over the whaling they have been undertaking for thousands of years
Culture has changed due to newcomers
Koktovik on the migration route of whales, hence why they hunt
Whale hunting banned in late 1970s, indigenous people allowed
to hunt a quota each year as the numbers of bowhead whales are
sustainable eg: 3 per year
Misrepresentation of views between newcomers and Inupiat and
Ice cellar ­ dug down in to permafrost, frozen ground that is
permanently frozen
Polar bears eat the leftovers from the whale hunt, 150km from
Artic ice (getting further away each year due to melting ice)
Inupiat celebrate the whale's arrival in Koktovik together; history, heritage and culture of the tribe
Filming of cutting up the whale is not allowed due to protestors in the past
Was subsistence in the past, now more cultural but is sustainable due to the small numbers killed each year


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