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Explaining the Existence and Persistence
of Poverty
Structural ­ Marxist

Political and economic systems are designed to benefit the ruling class, who in turn will then
manipulate the working class
Poverty is the fault of the economic or political system
Some groups in society are more likely to lose out…

Page 2

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Impact on society ­ concentrated in large housing developments with multiple social problems,
welfare burden, weakened family, high crime levels, educational failures and school disruption
Relationship to the class structure ­ self-reproducing, high rates of unemployment, engage in
`work' in the `informal economy'
Crime ­ Murray points out that a…

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