Example Section B Answers - AOS2

Example Section B Answers - AOS2

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Section B Answers:
Schoenberg `Peripetie'
Metre, rhythm and tempo
Texture
Melody
Harmony and Tonality
Instrumentation
Structure
Peripetie is a serialistic piece written as part of Schoenberg's `Five Orchestral Pieces'. The
tonality of the piece is atonal, a common feature of expressionism and serialism. Chopin
works with the idea of using hexachords as a basis for his melody. This comprises of 6 out of
the 12 semitones; the other six, the compliment. The piece uses different variations of
hexachord to create harmonic content. Harmonies are used for effect rather than key
structure.
There are many changes in tempo. The piece begins sehr rasch (very quick), and soon after
is reduced dramatically to ruhiger (calmer). Section B features a slower tempo with some
hint at an increase in speed, but with no markings.
The texture in section A contains homophonic bursts with full orchestra .The thick texture
creates a sense of chaos. Section B is polyphonic and complex between the wind and
percussion. Section C has a dramatically thin texture.
The instrumentation is a full orchestra. Large amounts of woodwind instruments, including
a cor anglais, bass clarinet and contrabassoon. There is a high number of percussion
instruments, as Schoenberg felt that timbre and Klangfarbenmelodie/tone melody were
more important than the actual melody itself. Strings were also used, including the
violoncello and double bass. Brass instruments were used, some played with mutes to alter
the sound quality rather than the dynamics.
The structure of Peripetie is loosely rondo, structured in five different sections, with the
returning `A' section developed to such an extent that you can hardly recognise it as a
statement.

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Section B Answers:
Bernstein `Something's Coming'
Metre, rhythm and tempo
Texture
Melody
Harmony and Tonality
Instrumentation
Structure
`Something's Coming' is a solo sung by Tony, a tenor singer, in the musical `West Side
Story'. Tony is accompanied by a full-scale theatre orchestra, including saxophone, piano,
electric guitar, mandolin, plus castanets and maracas. Trumpets are muted and drums are
played with wire brushes.
The texture of the whole piece is melody and accompaniment.…read more

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The metre alternates between 3/4 and 2/4. The 3 beats in a bar is emphasised by the bass.
There are cross-rhythms between the melodic riffs and the harmonic riffs. The bass follows
the metre, whereas the vocal is normally off-beat.…read more

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Section B Answers:
Reich `Electric Counterpoint'
Metre, rhythm and tempo
Texture
Melody
Harmony and Tonality
Instrumentation
Structure
Electric Counterpoint is a fast-paced minimalist piece. The rhythm is heavily syncopated,
creating an ambiguous time signature. The metre is mainly in 3/2, although at parts it
changes to 12/8.It is very difficult to determine the pulse because of the cross-rhythms and
syncopation. The tempo is fast and well-suited to the intricate melodies in the piece.…read more

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