Example Section B Answers - AoS1

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Section B Answers:
Handel `And The Glory of the Lord'
Metre, rhythm and tempo
Texture
Melody
Harmony and Tonality
Instrumentation
`And the Glory of the Lord' is performed with a lively triple time dance tempo in 3/4. The
tempo is allegro throughout except in the last 3 bars, in which it slows to adagio. The
rhythms are mainly syllabic, with some melisma, mainly in motif 1 (`shall be revealed') and
motif 2 (`and all flesh shall see it together').
The texture is homophonic, common in the Baroque era. As the ideas are introduced, the
motifs are monophonic. As the texture begins to thicken, there is some imitation between
the SATB choir and the instrumentation in the orchestra.
The first motif `And the glory of the Lord' is an A major triad with a syllabic setting ­ the
tonic chord of the key. `And all flesh shall see it together' is a repetitive idea on a descending
fourth. `For the mouth of the Lord has spoken it' is an idea based on a dotted minim
repeated on the tonic note of A. The piece begins with an orchestral introduction based on
the first two motifs. Throughout the piece, the orchestra often doubles the vocals, which
often also features in the basso continuo.
`And the Glory of the Lord' is written in the key of A major, aiding to the one mood that is
prevailed throughout the piece: joy. There are two modulations ­ one to E major, the
dominant of the key, and the second to B major, the dominant of the dominant.
The instrumentation is that of a Baroque orchestra. The SATB choir (soprano, alto, tenor,
bass) prevails the joyful libretto throughout the whole piece. The melodies are also imitated
by the rest of the orchestra ­ violins and viola, with a cello and harpsichord playing the basso
continuo (continuous bass), common in the Baroque era.

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Section B Answers:
Mozart Symphony No. 40 in G Minor
Metre, rhythm and tempo
Texture
Melody
Harmony and Tonality
Instrumentation
The first movement of the symphony is very fast ­ marked molto allegro. The rhythm is
straight with a 4/4 tempo. There is little syncopation in the rhythms.
The texture is mainly homophonic, with some dialogue between strings and woodwind.
Oboes and bassoons often provide harmonic filling, creating a thicker texture.…read more

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Section B Answers:
Chopin `Prelude No. 15 in Db Major'
Metre, rhythm and tempo
Texture
Melody
Harmony and Tonality
Instrumentation
Chopin's Raindrop Prelude is in 4/4, marked with tempo rubato ­ meaning robbed time. The
piece concludes with a ritenuto - a drastic reduction of the tempo. The rhythm comprises of
lots of dotted notes, with pedals used throughout to create the impression of raindrops,
hence the title `the Raindrop Prelude'.…read more

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