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Essay Writing Tips
There are many key writing techniques required to achieve the best grades at GCSE.
What are these techniques?
Remain focused on the question
Good essay practice should include:
Planning: Make sure you write a brief plan for your answer. In your plan you should identify very
clearly around six distinct points you intend to make and the specific parts of the text that you intend
to examine in some detail. Spend about 5 or 10 minutes planning as this will help you make sure
you have chosen the right question (because then you know you have lots of material to cover).
Introduction: this should be brief you could include what your main view is and what other ideas
you have. Don't list the poems or ideas you are going to include in the rest of your essay as you will
be repeating yourself. Don't begin with `In this essay I am going to ...' and then list ideas. Try to
begin by addressing the question straight away.
Paragraphing: Make sure you use them as it makes your writing clearer for you and the examiner.
When writing your essay you should devote one or two paragraphs to each idea from your plan. Try
to make smooth links between paragraphs.
Evidence: When you make a point you must give evidence to prove it. When you make a point,
refer to the text and give an example to back up what you say. The best way to do this is to use a
quotation from the text.
Quotations: Remember to include quotations, but not too many and don't make them too long. A
good quotation can be a line or two long or just a few words from a line. Do not copy out whole long
sections from texts as this is wasting time.
Selection: Don't retell the plot of the story. The important thing is to be selective in the way you use
the text. Only refer to those parts of the book/poem that help you to answer the question.
Answer the question: it sounds obvious, but it's so easy to forget the question and write the essay
you did in the mock. When you have finished a paragraph read it through and ask yourself. "Am I sti
answering the question?" If you think you are not then you need to change it, so that you are still
Conclusion: At the end, try to draw all the strands of your various points together. This should be
the part of your essay that answers the question most directly and forcefully. Keep checking the
Style: Keep it formal. Try to avoid making it chatty, so avoid using abbreviations e.g. `don't', `won't'
and do not call writers by their surnames so for William Golding you should call him Golding rather
than William, which is too informal.
Be creative: Remember you do not have to agree with other people's points of view about
literature. If your ideas are original or different, so long as you develop them clearly, use evidence
intelligently and argue persuasively, your point of view will be respected. We want literature to touch
you personally and it will often affect different people in different ways. Be creative. There is no one
correct answer to questions on English Literature, just well explored and explained ones.
CHECKLIST AFTER WRITING YOUR ESSAY
Written a plan and stuck to it?
Written in clear paragraphs?
Produced evidence to prove all your points?
Used quotations from your chosen text(s)?
Answered the question?
Generally speaking to get good marks you have to do the following:
To get an A* you need to be insightful, sensitive, convincing and evaluative.
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For an A you need to be analytical and exploratory.
For a B you need to sustain your answer linking details to what the writer is trying to say and
thoughtfully consider the meanings of the texts.
For a C you need to structure your answer to the question, use details effectively to back up your
ideas and make some appropriate comment on the meaning of the texts.…read more