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Poetry: Armitage, Duffy and pre - 1914

How do we tame the beast?

In your exam, you will be expected to compare and contrast different
poems. This means that in order to achieve a good grade, you will need to do more
than just list everything you know about each…

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Paragraph 4 - Form and Structure

How are the poems arranged on the pages? (e.g.lines, verses, layout, shape.)
Where are the breaks in the poems?
Look at the length of the lines ­ do they make a pattern?
Is there progression between one verse and the next?
Why do you…

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What's the Word?

When reading a poem you must pretend you are Sherlock Holmes. There will be
lots of figures of speech (alliteration, metaphor, simile, etc) and you will have to
track them down identify them. Here are the usual suspects:
Alliteration: repetition of closely connected words beginning with the…

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Rhyme: The use of words with matching sounds, usually at the end of each line.

Similes: compare things, which are alike in some respect, although they may be
different in their general nature, i.e. "as light as a feather" or "sleeping like
a baby".

Stanza: another word for verse.


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c) Assonance 3) Repetition of the same consonant.

d) Imagery 4) Repetition of the same vowel.

e) Metaphor 5) Words are used to imitate sounds.

f) Onomatopoeia 6) Comparison using words as or like.

g) Simile 7) Punctuation that splits a line in half.

h) Personification 8) One of the…

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Stealing Delight in


For Leisure


My Father Father's
Though It attitude to



The Hitcher

The Man He Killing as a
Killed duty and a
e of war.

Song Of The
Old Mother

On My First Loss of a
Sonne young son.…

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You have the right to remain silent but everything you say can and will be used

1- What do the three poems have in common? What are they
2- The different personae of the poems chose different ways of killing their
victims. How…

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5- Which poem is more effective in its description of the murder?


There are words and poetic devices that help to create images in the reader's
mind. Look at the poems again and select words that help to create images:

Copyright ©2006…

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In a text, many images are created through key words or even ideas. For example
in "Education For Leisure" the poet refers to "an ordinary day./ A sort of grey
with boredom stirring in the streets". This is also known as pathetic fallacy.



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In your exam, you will have to demonstrate a sound knowledge of the poems and
of different poetic devices. However, in order to boost your grade, it is
important that you remember to explain the effect of those poetic devices on the
reader. Remember, P.E.E is essential!





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