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The origins and early problems of the Weimar
Republic, 1918-23
2. The recovery of the republic under Stresemann,
3.…read more

Page 3

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November 1918- Kaiser abdicated after losing
German support.
11 November 1918- newly declared German Republic
accepted armistice with the Allies.
The army felt they had been stabbed in the back-
`Dolchstoss'. Politicians became the November
New Republic was to meet in Weimar because of
troubles in Berlin.
Needed to draw up a new constitution.
First government was a coalition government as no one
could gain a majority. Assembly chose Ebert of the
SPD (Social Democratic Party).…read more

Page 4

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Territorial Terms Military Terms Financial Terms
Lost all colonies Army not to exceed 100,000 Coal from Saar given to France
Alsace-Lorraine returned to No tanks Reparations- 6.…read more

Page 5

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People thought democracy was imposed on them.
Consequences of war were creating unrest;
Shortages of food after British naval blockade
Rise of Bolsheviks in Russia
The Spartacist Uprising- attempt to establish a Communist
The Kapp Putsch- attempt to seize Berlin and establish a
right-wing government.…read more

Page 6

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Germany borrowed extensively to finance WW1 effort.
Reparation figures for Germany to pay back were far
too high.
Weimar government printed more money which
meant the currency value began to fall. Led to
1921- Germany unable to pay reparations to France.
France invades the Ruhr, Germany's main industrial
area. Led to hyperinflation.…read more

Page 7

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German recovery down to Gustav Stresemann who worked
with Allies to improve economic and international
Dawes Plan- lower reparations and payments
US loans- given to Germany to pay reparations
Rentenmark- restored confidence in currency
Young Plan- restructure of reparations
The Locarno Treaties- improved German international
League of Nations- Germany's return as a `Great Power'
Kellogg-Briand Pact- France withdraws from Ruhr
Political Stability- less support for extreme parties
Overall position seemed to improve but over-reliant on US
loans.…read more

Page 8

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US Stock market collapses in October 1929. Banks
asked Germany to pay back loans.
Trade began to contract. Prices began to fall.
Unemployment rose.
January 1932- 6 million unemployed.
People lost faith in Weimar government, started to
turn to extreme parties that offered solutions.…read more

Page 9

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Little agreement about how to tackle unemployment
and poverty.
Brunning becomes Chancellor- did not have a majority
so was reliant on President Hindenburg and Article 48.
Election in Sept 1930- Nazis won 107 seats (2nd largest
party behind Social Democrats with 143).
Brunning's reduction of government spending made
him lose even more support, forced to resign May 1932.
Extreme parties gathered more support and instigated
violence across Germany for change.…read more

Page 10

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The founding and early growth of the Nazi Party,
2. The Munich Putsch and the lean years, 1923-29
3.…read more



Really helpful, thanks! 

Matheen Khokhar

This was great thanks!

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