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The Spartans

Encouraged homosexuality
Women got much freedom
Militaristic city-state and had much slavery
Sparta enslaved many slaves called the helots from Messenia.
It was not an easy task, took 2x 20 year battles
Spartan men only fought and trained. They could not help out there
family at home
Spartan…

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o The Parthenai ­ illegitimate offspring of Helots and Spartans
o The Neodamodes ­ Helots given freedom to the Spartan state
o The Tresantes ­ Spartan cowards who lost their citizenship
o The Mothoces ­ Sons of Helots adopted as playmates to Spartan
boys
Helots:
o Lowest in society
o…

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o Kings had to make a monthly oath that they would govern fairly
o Allowed to claim some spoils from war, and were served first
with a double portion at the messes
o Everyone accept the ephors had to stand up in the kings
presence
o If a king were…

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o Ball: yearly event, 2 teams of 15 Spartiates. No rules, aim was to
have the ball at the end of the game

12-18 Years:
o Cadet soldiers learning military skills
o Conditions: bare foot, cropped hair, trained naked, hungry
o Had one cloak all year
18-20 Years:
o Hoplites…

Page 5

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o Kopis was a curved sword with all its weight at the top designed
for hacking
During hoplite warefare it was normal that everyone drifted towards
the right side as the person on the right was least protected

Organization

Thucydides Description:

File 8 deep
An enemotia is 4 files (32…

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