Everyone knows what good is essay plan

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`Everyone knows what `good' is' Discuss
Metaethics: branch of ethics that aims to determine the usefulness of
ethical language
Cognotivists believes that ethical language is meaningful, thus
everyone should know what good is
Non-cognotivists believe that ethical language is subjective, thus not
everyone can know what good is
Paragraph 1 : everyone knows what good is via Naturalism
Cognitivist theory
Ethical statements statements can be verified/falsified & same as
non-ethical statements
Factual statements and evidence from the natural world deduce
ethical conclusions
E.g. abortion is wrong because it ends life of a foetus
Bradley: from learning our place in society, we can know what good is
Paragraph 2: critique of Naturalism using Hume
You cannot deduce an `ought' from an is just as naturalism doees when
stating what is right or wrong by looking at examples from the
natural world
Paragraph 3: Building on Hume's view using G.E. Moore on intuitionism
G.E. Moore states that this commits the naturalistic fallacy
Opened ended question of what good is just as describing the colour
We know intuitively what good is e.g. we just know using our intuition
that it is wrong to murder etc.
Paragraph 4: critique of Intuitionism
There are still moral debates about what is right and wrong, yet we
are meant to know this intuitively
Is our intuition always correct? E.g. Pol Pot killed millions in order
to do `good' for Cambodia through ethnic cleansing
Paragraph 5: Introduction of Emotivism
We can't all know what good is as it is merely an expression of
A.J Ayer: Boo- Hurah e.g. when we say murder is good what we mean
is Hurrah to murder
Only synthetic and analytic can be proved or verified; ethical word
good does not fit into these categories= we can't know what good is
Good is the use of an opinion influenced by a number of factors such
as their upbringing
Paragraph 6: Criticism of Emotivism by Vardy
Emotivism is not an ethical theory as it only concentrates on emotions

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Inadequate to state that genocides are portrayed as good/bad
depending on our emotions, should be instrinctly wrong
Paragraph 7: Introduction of Prescriptivism
When you make an ethical statement you are simply prescribing/
advising what people should do
E.g.…read more


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