evaluation of the causes of hunger

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Global issues population and resources
Evaluation of the causes of hunger
Unlucky geography low precipitation and drought, poor soils, steep relief, too hot
or cold, frozen soils and swampy marshland mean people living there cannot obtain
high enough yields to feed themselves.
However, people tend to only inhabit areas that are productive and if not,
technological advancements, improved irrigation, fertilizers, drought and
disease resistant crops can make an area productive.
Natural disasters can devastate landscapes and crops can be destroyed leading to
food shortages.
However, severe and devastating natural hazards are rare and lead to only
short term food shortages and food aid often fills the shortfall and
prevents malnutrition. The cause of hunger brought on by hazards is not the
hazard itself but the areas lack of capacity to cope.
Population pressure rapidly rising population is leading to increased demand for
food and supply can't support the demand.
However, large families are beneficial to those living in extreme poverty as
they provide labour for agriculture to boost yields.
Land ownership system in poorer regions where land is passed down to families
rising population leads to repeated subdivision of land
However, this often fuels rural to urban migration and it can be argued that
this can create market of food and increased efficiency
Water agriculture accounts for 70% of the water use in the world. As water
courses become depleted, polluted and mismanaged, food yields are put under
pressure.
However, most water pollution is caused by increased nitrates from
fertilizers used to increase yields so in order to have more food, more
water pollution may be necessary.
Poverty and the cost of food as demand for food grows and supply is put under
pressure, people can't afford to buy food
However, this is now the most accepted reason for food shortages but it is
not the most satisfying answer, although the causes of poverty aren't clear
either.
Urban sprawl the growth of cities is eating into the productive agricultural lands
which may contribute to lower yields.

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Global issues population and resources
However, the urban expansion is fuelled by immigration from rural areas.
Urbanisation may improve people's standard of living and mean they can
afford more food.
A rapidly increasing proportion of farmland is used to produce other resources
instead of food such as non-food crops like bio-fuels and other cash crops.
However, the economic benefits of this include reducing fuel prices,
improved transport and increased industrialisation which may increase
people's income and lift them out of poverty.…read more

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