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Evaluating a hypothetical reasoning
Is the condition likely to happen? Is it possible?
Do the consequences follow? If the A happens, will the consequences follow? Are there other
Does the whole reasoning support the conclusion?
Evaluating a reasoning, that is, an argument
Is there a logical link between the reasons and the conclusion?
A strong argument
1. the reasons are sufficient and relevant and enable the author do draw the conclusion
2. counterarguments are used but they are dismissed because the author can show that
they have deficiencies
3. the conclusion fits well with the reasons and there is a link
A weak argument
1. there are not sufficient reasons to enable the author to draw the conclusion
2. the reasons are irrelevant
3. counterarguments are mentioned but not dealt with
4. the conclusion does not follow from the reasons and it does not fit.
Evaluating a principle
Does the principle apply to the situation mentioned in the text?
Can the principle be applied to other situations? If so, which ones?
What situations does it not apply to? very brief examples
Does the principle support the conclusion? Is it the opposite or can they be linked?
Evaluating an analogy
Identify the situations being compared?
Is there a good comparison between the two situations?
List the differences
List the similarities
Do the similarities outweigh the differences? If it does, then it is a good analogy.
Does the analogy give support to the conclusion? Does it PERSUADE the reader to accept the
Examples of answers
Yes the analogy is supportive because we can No the analogy is not supportive because we
compare....situation 1....to ....situation 2.... cannot compare (situation 1) to (situation 2) as
The similarities between the two there are more differences than similarities
situations...(mention similarities)...outweigh the between them. The differences...(insert
differences...(mention differences). The differences)...outweigh the similarities...(insert
similarities between the situations are similarities).... We cannot conclude that
fundamental and the differences can be ...(insert conclusion)...on the basis of a
dismissed because they are less important that comparison between...... and.......
the similarities. Therefore the analogy does
persuade the reader to accept the conclusion
.....(insert conclusion)... .