Evaluating Levels of Processing Theory

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STUDYS FOR
LEVELS OF
PROCESSING
THEORY
Study Support/ Why?
Oppose
Nyberg (2002) SUPPORT Deep memories are
· brain scanning study semantically processed
· frontal +temporal lobe = More activity=deeper
greater activity when memories
semantically processed
HM Case Study OPPOSE No short/long term memory in
· sustained severe damage LOP theory.
to LTM SUPPORTS MSM
· but kept STM
Smythe +Costal (2003) OPPOSE SUPPORTS MSM
· mobile use stimulates
STM not LTM
Craik +Tulving SUPPORT Semantically processing
· "Depth of processing" means they are deep
· word lists-tested recall memories and so are more
after different levels of likely to be recalled.
processing Structural processing is how
· 96%= recalled when shallow memories are
processed semantically processed and do are not as
· 18%= when structural easily recalled
Elias + Perfetti (1973) SUPPORTS Similar words means that the
· tasks on words words were semantically
· finding rhymes on words processed and so are deep
(shallow) + similar words memories, which have better
(deep) on a lists recall.
· not told recall
· more words recalled
when doing similar words
Hyde+Jenkins SUPPORTS LOP states that memory is a
· investigate the effects of by-product of info processing
shallow +deep
processing on recall
· shows retention in simply
a bi-product through
recalling list of 24 words
Jarvis (2006) SUPPORTS APPLICATION

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AS psychology grades
· high levels of semantic
processing +low level
shallow processing +vely
correlated with AS exam
grades
Bartlett (1932) OPPOSE OTHER THEORY
· memory is reconstructive
· "Chinese whispers" one
tells one person who
tells another
· schemas + pass
experience affect our
ability to recall info
Gardiner et al (2006) SUPPORT Semantic processing leads to
· case of JON= early onset deep memories and so is also
developmental amnesia easier to recall information
· poor memory of events when processed semantically.…read more

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