Euthanasia - AQA AS

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"Inducing a painless death by agreement and with compassion to ease/end suffering"
Greek word ­ "good death"
Different types of euthanasia
Involves an actual act of mercy killing
For example ­if a doctor believes it is in the best interests that the patient dies
therefore the kill them for that reason.
It is illegal in the UK and many other countries
Involves helping someone to die because it is judged that it is better for the
person to be dead.
Not carrying out actions to prolong life
For example ­ a doctor withholds lifesaving treatment with the intent that the
patient will die.
For example switching off a life support machine
For example ­ withdrawing a feeding tube
Widely practiced in the UK
Carried out at the request of the person
Illegal in the UK ­ legal in the Netherlands
Do Not Resuscitate orders can be seen as a passive form of euthanasia
For example asking for medical treatment to be stopped
Non voluntary
Helping a person to die when it is impossible gain their consent
For example ­ they have lost the ability to make the decision/they are an infant
For example­ turning off a life support
Carried out against the wishes of the patient
For example ­ DNR order applied regardless of patient wishes
Living will
Document written by an individual when they were in a stable mind
Specifies the future healthcare of a person if they were unable to communicate
For example ­ withdraw treatment
For example ­ don't restart my heart

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Law in Britain
Active euthanasia is illegal even with consent
If carried out, changes may include murder and manslaughter0
In the 1993 Bland case ­ passive euthanasia became legal in Britain (see case
Ethical issues involved in legalisation of euthanasia
In general ­ look at issues involved when creating laws about euthanasia
Views of the population ­ are the majority religious? Is there an established
church? If there is ­ these views MUST be considered
Attitudes of doctors ­ "Hippocratic oath" promises to save…read more

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To help the patients and relatives face up to death ­ whilst many hospices
are Christian in origin they do not try and covert patients ­ rather they aim to
allow people to discuss death
To care for the emotional needs of all concerned and give help with
Hospices focus on the patient who is still alive and has a life to live ­ albeit a
short one. The care is therefore more personal than a hospital. E.g.…read more

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Life is sacred and a gift from God that "we are called upon to preserve and make
fruitful" Declaration on Euthanasia, 1980
To take life opposes God's love for that person and rejects the duty of that
person to live life according to God's plan.
We simply don't have that freedom in which to take our life because we are made
by God for the purpose of loving God.…read more

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David Keown ­ writes that one who follows the first precept (don't kill) means
that one "does not kill a living being, does not cause a living being to be killed
and does not approve of a killing of a living being."
Buddhists regard death as a transition. The deceased person will be reborn to a
new life, whose quality will be the result of their karma.…read more

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Maguire uses the idea of weighing up in themselves
proportional values of living in any · Natural moral law ­ basis to
condition and choosing a good death in the catholic church teachings
certain circumstances. Sometimes ­ 1st primary precept is
euthanasia is a legitimate moral choice.…read more

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Can Euthanasia ever be good?
Define good ­ never good but can be lesser of two evils
· Allows control over decisions ­ only · Death is always a sad thing and
you can know how much pain you're can never be seen as goof
in.…read more


j williams


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