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European Law…read more

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How European Law affects us..
· Food ­ EU countries must use the metric system, and food standards are controlled
· Environment ­ EU awards Blue Flags for clean beaches etc
· Sport ­ Players can transfer freely between teams in different countries (for example, in
2001, Chelsea had no English players!)
· Retail ­ Free movement of people, good, services with a wider choice of things to buy etc
· Work ­ Equal pay, equal treatment, right to annual paid holidays
Key EU Treaties (after 2009)
·Treaty of the European Union (TEU)
·Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)
The EU is administered by four main institutions:
1) The Commission
2) The Council of the European Union
3) The European Parliament
4) The European Court of Justice…read more

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The European Commission
Consists of 27 Commissioners, who act independently of their national original. Each
Member State has one Commissioner.
Commissioners are appointed for a five year term. Each Commissioner heads a department
with special responsibility, such as economic affairs, agriculture or the environment.
The Commission had four main roles:
1) To propose legislation to the Parliament and the Council
2) To manage and implement EU policies and the budget
3) The enforce European law (then can refer issues to the European Court of Justice)
4) To represent the EU on a international stage.
There is a popular quote; "the Commission proposes and the Council disposes" which
implies that whilst the Commission proposes new legislation, the council has the power
to turn down legislation, or, effectively, "dispose" of it.…read more

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The European Parliament
736 MEPs are elected ever 5 years by the citizens of the EU living in each member state
(there are 72 MEPs for the UK). They sit in Europe-wide political groups e.g. Party of
European Socialists.
The Parliament has three main roles:
1) It shares with the Council the power to legislate
2) It exercises democratic supervision over all EU institutions
3) It shares with the Council authority over the EU budget
It reviews proposals for new law put forward by the Commission, and can
scrutinise/advise about the legislation. However, the main criticism is that the
Parliament as no real law making power.…read more

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The European Council
The Government of each nation in the Union sends a representative to the Council
appropriate to the subject of the meeting. For example, the Minister for Agriculture will
attend when an issue to be discussed involves agriculture.
They have the final say on legislation, it is the principle decision-making body of the Union.
Voting in the Council is based on the number of votes roughly in proportion to the size of its
· Under Article 288 TFEU, the Council can issue Regulations and Directives…read more

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The Court of Justice of the European Union
Its function is set out in Article 19 of the TEU, which states that the Court must " ensure
that in the interpretation and application of the Treaty the law is observed".
The court sits in Luxembourg and has 27 judges, one from each Member State. Each
judge is appointed for 6 years, and can be re-appointed for a further 6 years. The Court
is also assisted by 9 Advocate Generals who also hold office for 6 years, who research
all legal points involved.
Role of the Court: To ensure the law is applied properly in all Member
States by;
1) hearing cases to decide whether Member States have
fulfilled their obligations
2) hearing references under Art 267 (TFEU) from national
courts for preliminary rulings on a point of EU law.…read more

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