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Europe after the second world war
Marshal plan:
It was a US scheme after the second world war to provide food aid to Europe.
Europe did not want to be reliant on other countries for food so they created a
new plan (CAP- Common Agricultural Policy) to provide food for themselves
The new plan included:
Drainage of flooded fields
Hedgerow removal to increase field size
Use od machinery
Lime used to naturalise acidic soils
Grants for farmers to change production systems
Grants to increase food production…read more

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Europe since 1970 (food surplus)
The problem:
New projects resulted in food surpluses
Farmers continued to overproduce food because they knew that it was going
to be brought by the government even if there was too much of it
The government couldn't sell the surplus food to the normal markets
Alternative markets were hard to find due to competition as there wasn't
enough consumers
This meant that the food couldn't be sold to MEDCs, eastern Europe and the
USSR needed the food but couldn't afford it
Selling to LEDCs would cut out local producers and reduce long term food
output…read more

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Guaranteed market
This system created stability for farmers and consumers and increased food
production
The government sets a price for agricultural products that farmers knew they
would be paid when they harvest the crops or livestock
If there was a surplus the government would buy some of the harvest to
create a artificial market shortage and raise the price to the agreed level
If there was a poor harvest prices may have risen. The government prevented
this by selling food stored from the year before. Forcing the price to the
agreed level.…read more

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Reducing food surpluses
Quotas:
Farmers were given limits on how much they could produce
Farm diversification:
Farmers were encouraged to move away from the production of certain
products that were being overproduced and to concentrate on new projects
and crops such as biofuels, horse stables and farm shops.
Set aside:
Farmers that produce crops that have been over produced are paid by the
government not to cultivate there land but the land is maintained so that it
can be used for agriculture again in future. 10% of farmland is set aside most
years.…read more

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The world trade system
A free trade system isn't possible because LEDCs cannot afford to subsides
there agriculture giving MEDCs an unfair advantage.
Prices of goods are set by the buyer and not the producer.
The buyer benefits while the producer losses out.
This increases poverty.…read more

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