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Starter Activity:
List three aims of the League of
Nations and four elements of its
structure.…read more

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Vilna 1920
Vilna was the capital of the new country of
Lithuania. Most of the people living there were
Polish. In 1920 a private Polish army took
control of Vilna. Lithuania asked the League for
help. However, France were unwilling to upset
Poland as
they thought they could be a useful ally against
Germany.
Britain was unwilling to act alone, and the League
did nothing…read more

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Upper Silesia 1921
This rich industrial area with a large iron and
steel industry had both German and Polish
people. In 1920 a plebiscite (public vote) was
organized. The area was split so that the
largely German towns went to Germany and
the largely Polish countryside went to Silesia.…read more

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Aaland Islands 1921
The Aaland Islands are a small group of
islands
situated between Sweden and Finland. The
two
countries asked the League to decide who
should have the islands. The League
decided that
they should go to Finland. Sweden did not
argue with the League's decision.…read more

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Corfu 1923
Greece and Albania were in disagreement about
where their border should be. An Italian general,
called Tellini, was in charge of deciding on this
argument. In August 1923 he and his team were
killed in Greece.
The leader of Italy, Mussolini, demanded compensation from
Greece and said that they should execute the murderers. The Greeks
said that they had no idea who they were. Mussolini bombed and
invaded the Greek island of Corfu.
The Council decided that Mussolini was in the wrong. It said that the
Greece should pay it the compensation and the money would be paid
to Italy if the killers of Tellini were found.
Mussolini said that he accepted the League's decision. However he
persuaded other countries to support him in demanding, and
succeeding in making Greece apologise and pay their compensation
directly to Italy. In late September, Mussolini removed his army from
Corfu claiming it had been a great victory.…read more

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