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Ethical Theory Philosophers Characteristics Main aim Method Strengths Weaknesses
Act Utilitarianism Jeremy Bentham Teleological Greatest Use reason to determine actions Flexible/adaptable Can be difficult to
Consequentialist amount of for yourself Allows rules to be weigh up all factors
relativist happiness for broken if necessary Problem of prediction
the greatest If…

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different Undermines universal
societies human rights

Natural Law St Thomas Aquinas Deontological To bring The purpose of something Gives clear guidance Too inflexible
Non-consequential about a good indicates what should and should Sees nature as positive Has led to very strict
ist absolutist worlds by not be done. and a…


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