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ESTERS AND POLYESTERS
Esters are formed when a carboxylic acid reacts with an alcohol
(bi-product of water)
o RCOOH + R'OH RCOOR' + H2O
Functional group RCOOR'
Esters are named using the alkyl group from the alcohol and the
salt name of the carboxylic acid e.g. if methanol and butanoic…

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TRANS-ESTERIFICATION
No rotation around C=C double bonds because of
the presence of the pi bond
Geometric isomerism (E-Z isomerism) is a type of
stereoisomerism
Margarine is made by partial hydrogenation of
liquid unsaturated oils and fats
o Makes the liquid oils and fats more solid
o Increase the proportion of…

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